For this condition a structured approach is normally undertaken. You may first be advised on changing your diet, losing some weight and not eating late at night. If the condition still persists, then over the counter medicines can be tried such as antacids (Rennies and Gaviscon, for example). These can neutralise the stomach acid and reduce symptoms.
If symptoms persist further, stronger medicines can be prescribed by your doctor. These can be medicines such as Zantac (ranitidine) which is a H2 antagonist or proton pump inhibitors such as Losec (omeprazole) or Prevacid (lansoprazole). If a medical approach does not work then anti-reflux surgery maybe considered. The traditional operation is a Nissen Fundoplication, where the top of the stomach is ‘wrapped’ around the bottom of the oesophagus to form a more effective valve.
There are also other new approaches such as ‘Stretta’ – an endoscopic treatment or LINX and implantable magnetic ring device which augments your lower oesophageal sphincter preventing reflux. You should carefully discuss all these options with your doctor so you clearly understand the risks and benefits of each approach.